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Persimmon Tree Care

Persimmons are Japan's national fruit with two types, astringent and non-astringent. The non-astringent types are sweeter.
We offer 4 varieties Fuyu, Hachiya, Suruga, and Tanenashi

The Fuyu Persimmon (non-astringent) -fruit is eaten fresh off the tree beginning in the fall.
The Hachiya Persimmon (astringent) -fruit is picked when firm and bright orange in color and stored until soft. It is often used for baking.
Suruga Persimmon (non-astringent) - The fruit is small round, deep orange with a sweet maple syrup flavor.
Tanenashi persimmon (astringent) - is a seedless prolific producer of a medium-sized round to cone-shaped orange-red fruits.

Planting Zones
Our Persimmons can be planted in USDA growing zones 9-11 only.
Trees that are planted in the ground that experience freezing temperatures above zone 8 need protection in unusual inclement weather.
Planting in the wrong hardiness planting zone will void the warranty.
Planting zones- https://planthardiness.ars.usda.gov/PHZMWeb/

Planting In The Ground
1. Do not plant a new persimmon tree in a space where an old tree has died, the soil may be contaminated and create problems for your new tree. Mature persimmon trees can grow to a height of 25 feet tall, so choose your planting site carefully.
2. The location should be chosen that is sunny, in a well-draining area. Persimmons prefer deep loamy soils but will tolerate a range of conditions, provided soil salts are low. The preferred soil pH for persimmons is between 6.5 and 7.5.
3. Place the potted tree in a chosen location for 2 weeks and allow the tree to acclimate to the area before you plant in the ground.
4. Dig a hole double the width of the root ball or double the size of the pot and fill with water and wait 24 hours.
5. Fill the hole with water again. If water has drained from the hole within an hour this area has good drainage and the tree can be planted.
6. If the area has bad drainage choose another area.
7. Add a mixture of compost and well-draining soil into the hole and remove the tree from the pot.
8. Place tree in the hole. DO NOT allow the tree to drop down into the hole-The soil line of the tree should be above the existing soil grade approximate 1-2 inches above the existing grade.
9. Do not bury the root-crown with soil or mulch. A photo of the root crown can be found here - https://lemoncitrustree.com/store/pest-disease
10. Keep other plants away from the tree by creating a 5-foot circumference around the trunk of the tree. Weeds allowed to grow around the tree's base compete for water and nutrients, so pull them up as they appear.

The Potted Persimmon
Persimmons are best grown in loamy soils in a well-draining pot.
Do not allow the tree to sit in standing water.

Watering
Do not over-water Persimmon trees!
Overwatering trees in the ground in certain soils are often the number one factor in causing root rot.
Persimmon trees prefer deep root watering.
Regular watering helps the tree to establish a deep root system.
Persimmon trees produce larger and better fruit when watered regularly, ideally receiving 36-48" per year.
They will drop leaves and fruit in extreme drought conditions but can withstand shorter drought periods. In hot areas, it may be necessary to water a few times a week, unless they are growing in heavy clay soil.

Deep Watering Method For Potted Trees
Trees will die if they don't have the basic requirements and the biggest mistake made is incorrect watering.
1. Check the tree with a moisture meter before watering.
2. The prong should be deep into the pot.
3. Only water when the meter reads 4 (for a meter that reads from 1-10)
4. All trees require deep watering. -Deep watering is drenching the soil until water pours from the holes at the bottom of the pot.
5. Watering with a few cups is not acceptable, this will cause deep roots to die. Never be stingy with the water when the tree needs to be watered.
6. Once the tree has been watered properly, check it with a moisture meter again to make sure the meter reads high- like 9 or 10 and then do not water again until the meter reads 4.
7. In the winter you will water far less, like twice a month (But always check the tree with a meter weekly because this can vary)
8. The meter should never be left in the pot when not in use.
9. Never water with cold water in the winter
10. Never water the tree with water from a water softener.

Pruning
Persimmons can be grown as large specimen trees or pruned heavily to create a hedge. Persimmons can even be trained as espaliers if cut back to about one half the original height at planting.
Because fruit is borne on branch tips, it is best to prune selectively and thoroughly in the first few years so the tree will develop balanced structure and strong branches for fruit.
Regular maintenance pruning involves heading some branches and removing others, usually resulting in a general "Open Vase" shape.

Fertilizing
Persimmon trees benefit from spring fertilization with a slow-release, balanced fertilizer. In early spring, before new leaves appear, apply a granular, general-purpose 5-5-5 fertilizer
DO NOT over fertilize, this can impact fruiting.

Mulching
Use mulch for ground planted trees only.
Maintain a 3-4 inch layer of mulch around the persimmon tree to retain soil moisture and improve soil quality
Apply the mulch in the spring and fall under the canopy of the tree.
Avoid piling mulch against the trunk of the tree.
The tree trunk needs air circulation, without circulation, the truck could rot away from the root ball so avoid piling soil and mulch close to the root crown and tree truck.

Note on Dormancy
Dormant trees still need to be protected (winterized) to remain healthy and free from diseases and insects. Prune dead branches in the later part of fall. Foliage and branches that are in contact with soil invite undesirable pests. Therefore it is best to keep the winterized potted dormant tree clean of debris. Set it in an unheated garage or basement and allow it to go dormant for the winter months. Water the tree as you would normally through dormancy. It helps to have a moisture meter because in cooler climates the tree will not need to be watered as often (about twice a month).
Water the dormant tree when the meter reads 40%. Fertilize dormant trees in February with a 5-5-5 fertilizer.

 

Please contact us at support@lemoncitrustree.com or call if you need assistance with your Persimmon tree.

Lemon Citrus Tree
866-216-TREE (8733)