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Avocado Tree Care

The Hass (‘Haas’) avocado tree will not survive freezing temperatures! Outdoor planting is recommended only for USDA growing zones 9-11. The avocado tree does well as a container grown plant that can be protected from the cold in other climates.



Planting


Avocados require well drained soil. They will not thrive in heavy clay soils. In areas with heavy clay soils, the avocado should be planted in a raised bed that is at least two feet above the existing grade of soil. Avoid planting your avocado tree too deeply. Plant the tree at least l-2 inches above the existing soil grade and create a small mound around the base with a mixture of compost and well-drained soil. Avocado trees should be planted in sunny locations that are protected from wind. Avocado trees are susceptible to root rot. Do not plant a new avocado tree in a space where an old tree had died. The soil may be contaminated and create problems for your new tree.


Avocado trees can grow to a height of 25 feet if not shaped, so choose your planting site carefully. Different varieties of avocado trees can be planted closely together with as little as four feet of space between the trunks. It is possible to plant more than one variety of avocado tree in the same hole in a backyard setting.



Watering

Do not overwater avocado trees! Over watering is a major factor in causing root rot. Avocados prefer infrequent, deep root watering. It is best to allow trees to dry out before you apply water again. Avocados in containers need consistent, frequent watering. We recommend a moisture meter to monitor the moisture level at the roots.



Mulching

Maintain a 3-4 inch layer of mulch around the avocado tree to retain soil moisture and improve soil quality. Apply the mulch in the spring and fall under the canopy of the tree. Avoid piling mulch against the trunk of the tree. The trunk needs air circulation in order to breathe.



Pruning

Avocados should be pruned minimally. Prune only to maintain the shape and control size. Frequent pinching of new growth on young trees is preferred over heavy pruning. Avocado trees can be susceptible to sunburn, so newly pruned trees and young trees exposed to high summer heat and intense sunshine can be whitewashed with a solution of interior white latex paint diluted 50-50 with water.



Fertilizing

Avocado trees should be fed on a regular basis. Fertilize with a well-balanced citrus/avocado food using the manufacturer’s recommendations. Healthy, well-fed avocado trees are less susceptible to damage from cold temperatures in the winter.

Please contact us at support@lemoncitrustree.com or call 229-299-5555 if you need assistance with your Avocado tree.

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