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Arbequina Olive Tree Care

Arbequinas Olive Trees (Olea europaea "Arbequina") are very adaptable and can be grown in all areas of the United States.
Tasty fruit and gorgeous gray-green foliage that is drought-tolerant, heat-tolerant and pest-resistant.
 

Planting Zones
Our Arbequinas can be planted in USDA growing zones 9-11 only.
Trees that are planted in the ground that experience freezing temperatures above zone 8 need protection in unusual inclement weather.
Planting in the wrong hardiness planting zone will void the warranty.
Planting zone- https://planthardiness.ars.usda.gov/PHZMWeb/

Planting In The Ground
1. Do not plant a new olive tree in a space where an old tree has died, the soil may be contaminated and create problems for your new tree. Mature Arbequinas trees can grow to a height of 8-10 feet tall.
2. The location should be chosen that is sunny, in a well-draining area. Olive trees prefer deep loamy soils, the preferred soil pH for olives is between 6.5 and 7.5.
3. Place the potted tree in a chosen location for 2 weeks and allow the tree to acclimate to the area before you plant in the ground.
4. Dig a hole double the width of the root ball or double the size of the pot and fill with water and wait 24 hours.
5. Fill the hole with water again. If water has drained from the hole within an hour this area has good drainage and the tree can be planted.
6. If the area has bad drainage choose another area.
7. Add a mixture of compost and well-draining soil into the hole and remove the tree from the pot.
8. Place tree in the hole. DO NOT allow the tree to drop down into the hole-The soil line of the tree should be above the existing soil grade approximate 1-2 inches above the existing grade.
9. Do not bury the root-crown with soil or mulch. A photo of the root crown can be found here  - https://lemoncitrustree.com/store/pest-disease
10. Keep other plants away from the tree by creating a 5-foot circumference around the trunk of the tree. Weeds allowed to grow around the tree's base compete for water and nutrients, so pull them up as they appear.
11. Olive fruit can stain concrete pavement, so be mindful where you plant the tree.

The Potted Arbequinas
Olive trees are best grown in loamy soils in a well-draining pot.
Do not allow the tree to sit in standing water. We recommend using a moisture meter to avoid overwatering.
Arbequinas are semi-deciduous, meaning they can experience some leaf drop in the winter indoors. It is best to place them near a sunny window in a cool room.
Keep Arbequinas trees away from a heat vent!

Watering
Do not over-water Olive trees!
Overwatering trees in the ground in certain soils are often the number one factor in causing root rot.
Olive trees prefer deep root watering.
Regular watering helps the tree to establish a deep root system.
Olives trees can withstand drought periods.

Deep Watering Method For Potted Trees
Trees will die if they don't have the basic requirements and the biggest mistake made is incorrect watering.
1. Check the tree with a moisture meter before watering.
2. The prong should be deep into the pot.
3. Only water when the meter reads 4 (for a meter that reads from 1-10)
4. All trees require deep watering. -Deep watering is drenching the soil until water pours from the holes at the bottom of the pot.
5. Watering with a few cups is not acceptable, this will cause deep roots to die. Never be stingy with the water when the tree needs to be watered.
6. Once the tree has been watered properly,  check it with a moisture meter again to make sure the meter reads high- like 9 or 10 and then do not water again until the meter reads 4.
7. In the winter you will water far less, like twice a month (But always check the tree with a meter weekly because this can vary)
8. The meter should never be left in the pot when not in use.
9. Never water with cold water in the winter
10. Never water the tree with water from a water softener.
NEVER ALLOW TREES TO SIT IN STANDING WATER
A space between the bottom of the pot and the tray that catches the water is required-Never allow the pot to sit in standing water.

Pruning
Prune very minimally the first four years, limiting pruning to tasks like removing suckers and water sprouts.
Prune the growing tips of your tree after it blooms if it threatens to outgrow its space or to keep it bushy.
If needed, prune out some branches to keep the tree open in the center so the foliage gets plenty of light and air.
Olives can withstand heavy pruning for ornamental use.
 
Fertilizing
Olive trees benefit from spring fertilization with a slow-release, balanced fertilizer. In early spring, before new leaves appear, apply a granular, general-purpose 5-5-5 fertilizer
DO NOT over fertilize the Olive, far too much nitrogen will kill the olive tree making the soil far too acidic.

Mulching
Use mulch for ground planted trees only.
Maintain a 3-4 inch layer of mulch around the olive tree to retain soil moisture and improve soil quality
Apply the mulch in the spring and fall under the canopy of the tree.
Avoid piling mulch against the trunk of the tree.
The tree trunk needs air circulation, without circulation, the truck could rot away from the root ball so avoid piling soil and mulch close to the root crown and tree truck.

Pests
Check young olive trees for scale insects. These insects appear as hard, immobile lumps 1/8 to 1/4 inches in diameter, on the trunk and branches.
If your Olive tree has a pest,  follow these directions- https://lemoncitrustree.com/store/citrus-blog/2015/08/21/bath-time-for-your-citrus-tree/


Please contact us at support@lemoncitrustree.com or call if you need assistance with your Olive

Lemon Citrus Tree
866-216-TREE (8733)